Mastering 9 Revit Railings Advanced Properties — REVIT PURE (2023)

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Mastering 9 Revit Railings Advanced Properties — REVIT PURE (1)

3 Types of Rails

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TOP RAIL: Top rail is the highest horizontal element of a railing. It is created by selecting a 2D profile and a height.

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HANDRAIL: Handrail is an intermediate rail used for hands. They are linked to a wall or to a railing with Supports.

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INTERMEDIATE RAIL: Any horizontal rail other than the Top Rail and the Handrail. Can be used to constraints balusters. Also known as Non-Continuous Rails.

Top Rails and Handrails have their own system families. They can be found in the project browser. Different types can be used on different railings.

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In the railings properties, you can select a Top Rail type and set the height. Click the 3 small dots to access the top rail properties.

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You can have 2 different Handrail types for each railing type. Set the right/left position and the type used. Unlike Top Rails, the height is set in the Handrail type properties.

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As for Intermediate Rails, they are created directly in the main Railing type properties. Access the menu by clicking on Rail Structure (Non-Continuous). Then, set setting properties like Height, Offset, Profile and Material.

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(Video) Tips To Understand Revit Railings

Mastering 9 Revit Railings Advanced Properties — REVIT PURE (9)

Top Rail Properties

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Handrail Properties

Intermediate Properties

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Comparing 3 types of Rails

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UNDERSTANDING 9 RAILS PARAMETERS

1- ASSIGN TO BALUSTERS

Balusters base and top can be constrained to rails, except for handrails.

In the image below, you can see we constrain a baluster base to an intermediate rail (also known as non-continuous rail). The top of the baluster is constrained to the Top Rail. Offsets can be assigned to the base and top.

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2- CREATING RAIL PROFILE

Create a new profile family using the Profile - Rail default template. Use the text guidelines to properly draw the profile.

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In the top rail properties, make sure to select the profile you have just created. The Hand Clearance value will be set so the profile is automatically centered with the railing boundary line. (see property #5)

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We got our top rail profile. Yeah!

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3- DEFAULT JOIN: MITER OR RADIUS

Most top rail Default Join parameters are set to miter, producing a standard, straight transition. You can go to the Top Rail or Handrail type properties and change the Default Join to Fillet instead of Miter. Then, you will get access to the Fillet Radius value. This affects all transitions, both in the horizontal and vertical planes.

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MODIFY INDIVIDUAL JOIN

(Video) Revit Pure Live #001 - Railings and Classical Balusters

In the previous tip, changing the default join affected all joins. What if you want to modify an individual join instead? You will have to select the top rail using tab. Then, click on Edit Rail. Click on Edit Path.

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Then, you’ll have to click on Edit Rail Joins.

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Click on one of the join, represented by the square snap symbol. Then, change the join type to Fillet and enter the radius value you wish to use.

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If you enter a value that is too big and would interfere with another intersection, you will get the following warning:

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4- SUPPORTS

Supports are used to connect Handrails to railings or to walls. Adjust Family type, Layout, Spacing and Justification in Handrail type.

The default Revit family is Circular. In the Support Type properties, you can adjust Radius and Height. If you want a different shape, you will need to create another Support family.

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There are 5 different layout options for supports:

LAYOUT OPTIONS EXAMPLES

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SUPPORT TIPS


You can unpin and move a support to get a specific position.

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When a support is placed on walls of different distances, you can individually select a support and set an individual Hand Clearance value.

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5- HAND CLEARANCE

The Hand Clearance value represents the distance between the railing path (represented by a purple line) and the beginning of a rail. In the example below you can see a few different values use on a Top Rail, showcased in a plan view.

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PROJECTION VALUE IS AUTOMATICALLY CREATED

Just next to the Hand Clearance value in the properties, you will find the Projection value. This represents the distance between the railing path line and the end of the rail. This value is only for information purpose: it can’t be modified. It is automatically generated by adding the Hand Clearance to the rail’s width. In the example below, you can see the projection is equal to the Hand Clearance (50mm) added to the width of the rail (40mm).

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(Video) BPAS Architects - Revit Railings

FLIP THE DIRECTION OF THE RAILING

By default, the hand clearance value is relative to the interior side of the railing. That’s quite obvious when you are hosting the railings on a stair, but less so when you are drawing a railing on the ground. If the hand clearance puts your rail on the wrong side, click the flip arrows to switch sides.

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HAND CLEARANCE GUIDELINES

The top rail is usually centered on the railing path line. Actually, Revit will automatically set the Hand Clearance value to -(width/2) so the profile is perfectly in the middle. Hand clearance is usually more useful for Handrails, where code standards often requires you to have a minimum value.

6- TRANSITIONS

There are 3 transition types for Handrails and Top Rails in Revit. Simple, Gooseneck and None. Look at the image below to understand what all these transitions actually do:

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In the strange railing below, the Top Rail has Gooseneck transitions and the Handrail has Simple transitions.

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7- Terminations

Terminations are located at the end of a Top Rail or Handrail. In the example below you can see the difference between a top rail using a termination and one using no termination. People are less likely to stab themselves in the stomach when a termination is used :)

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The default Revit termination family is a simple plate of wood usually set against a wall and used for handrails.

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CREATING A TERMINATION FAMILY

Create a new family and use the Railings - Termination family template. Model the geometry of the termination on the right side of the reference planes, where the red lines are drawn in the image below.

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To recreate the ancestral termination used in the previous page, load the profile in the family and model a sweep. Then, create a void extrusion to cut the extremity of the sweep. Load the family in your project.

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ASSIGN TERMINATION TO RAIL

Terminations can be assigned to Top Rails and Handrails. In the example below, we start by assigning terminations to the Top Rail. We assign a termination to both the Beginning and the End of the rail. Then, we assign terminations to the handrails. Why not?

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Mastering 9 Revit Railings Advanced Properties — REVIT PURE (40)

REMOVE TERMINATION LINE IN 3D VIEWS

As you can see, there is an annoying line that joins the rail with the termination. You can get rid of it in a 3D view by using the Lineworks tool (shortcut: LW). Select the <Invisible Lines> type and click a few times on each visible line you want to remove. This only affects the visibility of the lines on a single view.

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TERMINATION IS PLACED AT END OF PATH

(Video) Revit Pure Live #002 - Jose Oliveira - DiRoots Plugins

Are you using a custom end path for the railing? The termination will be placed at the end of the custom path.

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8- Extensions

Now, let’s talk about extensions. You will find these options in the Top Rails and Handrails properties. You can set an extension type and a value. You set whether the the extension is at the beginning and/or end of the railing. The Wall extension type only works with handrails.

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As you can see below, an extension value goes beyond the purple path lines of a railing. See next page to understand the extension options.

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EXTENSION STYLES:

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Using “Tread Depth”

When using railing on a stair, you can activate the Plus Tread Depth parameter. This is only available at the bottom of the stairs. In addition to the extension length, the width of a tread will also be added to the rail.

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9- CREATE CUSTOM EXTENSION PATH

In the last page, you were limited to 4 extension shapes. Turns out you can customize the shape to whatever you want.

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Tab-select the Top Rail or Handrail, then click the Edit Rail button. Then click Edit Path.

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Changed your mind and want to go back to the original shape? Click the Reset Rail button when the Top Rail or Handrail is selected.

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Editing railing path is limited to the extensions, you cannot modify the main part of the rail. Use this feature for Top Rails or for Handrails.

CUSTOM PATH LIMITATIONS

A custom path is limited to the current plane of the railing. You can’t draw a sophisticated 3D path. In the image below, the path has to be drawn on the blue plane.

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We just went through 9 parameters and features that can be adjusted in the type properties of rails.

Want to get even more advanced tricks about railings? Like how to set a landing height adjustment? Just check out our brand new free pamphlet publications. It contains 44 pages of pure bliss and tips about Revit railings.

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FAQs

How do you customize a railing in Revit? ›

Modify the Railing Structure
  1. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.
  2. In the Type Properties dialog, for Rail Structure (Non-Continuous), click Edit. ...
  3. In the Edit Rails dialog, for each rail, specify the following: ...
  4. To create an additional rail, click Insert. ...
  5. Click Up or Down to adjust the railing position.
20 Jul 2022

How many types of railing are there in Revit? ›

The rails are those running horizontally and can be differentiated in three types: Top rails are the highest horizontal element. Height is usually regulated by building codes and can be often used as a handrail. Intermediate rails are horizontal and non-continuous rails.

How many types of default railing design are found in type selector? ›

You can have 2 different Handrail types for each railing type. Set the right/left position and the type used. Unlike Top Rails, the height is set in the Handrail type properties. As for Intermediate Rails, they are created directly in the main Railing type properties.

How many types of railings are there? ›

4 Common Types of Railing Material for Commercial Buildings.

How do you model a rail in Revit? ›

Create a railing by sketching the railing path, and select an element to host the railing, such as a floor or roof. Click Architecture tab Circulation panel Railing drop-down (Sketch Path). If you are not in a view where you can sketch a railing, you are prompted to pick a view.

Does handrail have to be continuous at landing? ›

Handrails. Handrails are required on both sides of stairs and must be continuous within the full length of each stair flight. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs must be continuous.

Does a railing have to be continuous? ›

Handrail Continuity: Handrail must be continuous within the full length of each stair flight or ramp run. Inside handrails on switchback or dogleg stairs and ramps shall be continuous between flights or runs. Handrails are not to be obstructed along their tops or sides.

Which railing is better MS or SS? ›

MS is very easy to maintain; routine cleaning involves wiping the railing with a damp cloth. One can achieve both simple straight-line designs as well as ornamental designs in MS. These railings are budget-friendly and comparatively less expensive than SS railings.

What are the five 5 host elements in Revit models? ›

There are five types of elements. Each represents something fundamental to your project. Built-in-place construction. Slabs • Walls • Roofs • Stairs • Ramps Everything else in your model.

What are the parts of a railing? ›

Parts of a Railing System
  • Baluster. A baluster is a short and decorative post, pillar, or column in a series that supports the top rail. ...
  • Balustrade. A balustrade is a railing supported by a series of balusters. ...
  • Bottom Rail. ...
  • Guardrail. ...
  • Hinge. ...
  • Landing. ...
  • Lattice. ...
  • Newel Posts.
7 Aug 2017

Which is best for railing? ›

Steel is often the material of choice for railing systems as it exhibits superior strength and toughness compared to aluminum. Aesthetically speaking, steel offers clear advantages: over time, aluminum's protective oxidation layer become white in color and will sometimes pit.

What are the 3 main parts of a guardrails? ›

There are three main parts of a guardrail: The top rails, the midrails, and the vertical posts.

What is the standard size of railing? ›

The top rail must be at least 42 inches in height (§1910.29(f)(1)(ii)(B)) and the handrail must be 30 to 38 inches in height (§1910.29(f)(1)(i)) (as measured at the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the rail).

What is a railing called? ›

Balustrade. The assembled section of stair parts including newels, balusters and handrail – also called Handrail System.

What is a Type 2 handrail? ›

TYPE II HANDRAILS. Type II: Handrails with a perimeter greater than 6 ½ inches (160 mm) shall have a graspable finger recess area on both sides of the profile.

How do you create a custom baluster in Revit? ›

Create a Custom Baluster Pattern
  1. In a plan view, select a railing.
  2. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type. ...
  3. In the Type Properties dialog, for Baluster Placement, click Edit.
  4. Enter a name for the first part of the baluster pattern.
  5. For Baluster Family, do the following: ...
  6. For Base, do the following:
20 Jul 2022

How do you split a railing in Revit? ›

The Split tool can be used on a railing without editing the sketch.
...
Modify a Railing
  1. Select the railing, and on the Modify tab, click (Edit Path).
  2. Use tools from the Draw panel to modify the sketch.
  3. Click Toggle Sketch Orientation arrows in the canvas to change the start and end points of the railing sketch..
20 Jul 2022

How do I edit top railing in Revit? ›

  1. Select the railing, and on the Properties palette, click (Edit Type).
  2. In the Type Properties dialog, specify properties for the rails and balusters. ...
  3. To modify the type properties for the top rail or handrail (continuous rail), click in the Value field for the Type and click the browse button .
20 Jul 2022

What is the maximum gap between railings? ›

Outdoor Guardrails

If guardrails are used for construction work, they must meet a requirement of 950mm minimum height and gaps between the top rail and intermediate rail cannot go over 470mm.

What is the maximum space between railings? ›

Spacing between balusters cannot exceed 4 inches. In order to be up to code, U.S. building codes mandate that balusters have no more than a 4-inch gap between them.

What is the maximum gap between handrails? ›

As a result, four inches would be the maximum allowable opening between the two handrails.

Is 42 inch railing too high? ›

In General Industry, OSHA standards say the guardrail height railing must be 42” high. Simple! But in the Construction Industry OSHA states the proper response is 42” plus or minus 3”.

What is the minimum gap between handrails? ›

The minimum clearance between handrails and any other object is 2.25 inches (5.7 cm). Surfaces. Handrails and stair rail systems are smooth-surfaced to protect employees from injury, such as punctures or lacerations, and to prevent catching or snagging of clothing. Openings in stair rails.

How many steps before a railing is required? ›

Building Codes

The building code does not refer to the number of “steps” but it does require a handrail when there are two or more “risers”. For clarification, a “riser” is the vertical portion of a stair. The “tread” is the top of a step. A two riser minimum would translate to two steps.

How do you attach a railing to a floor in Revit? ›

Click Architecture tab Circulation panel Railing drop-down (Place on Host). For placement on stairs only: On the Position panel, click Treads or Stringer. In the Type Selector, select the type of railing to place.

Why SS is not rusted? ›

In summary, stainless steel does not rust because it is sufficiently reactive to protect itself from further attack by forming a passive corrosion product layer. (Other important metals such as titanium and aluminum also rely on passive film formation for their corrosion resistance.)

Which SS grade is best for railing? ›

Grade 304 stainless steel can be utilized in indoor as well as outdoor applications performs where conditions are not overly harsh or extreme, or where the railing system is protected from the environment. Maintaining a grade 304 stainless steel railing system is easier than carbon steel systems.

Which glass is better for railing? ›

Tempered glass and laminated glass are often used for glass railing and must be compliant with architectural glass standards.

What are the 3 different types of walls in Revit? ›

There is actually three wall families, the basic wall, the curtain wall, and the stacked wall.

What are the 3 types of families in Revit? ›

The 3 kinds of families in Revit are: system families, loadable families, and in-place families. Most elements that you create in your projects are system families or loadable families. Loadable families can be combined to create nested and shared families.

What are the 3 points in Revit? ›

Revit coordinate system has three reference points that act differently namely: Internal origin, project base point and survey point.

What is the end of a railing called? ›

A newel post is the heavy, vertical post at the end or turn of a handrail. As opposed to a baluster, a new post is a structural component of a staircase which is attached directly to the floor or to the end of the stringer.

What material is used for railing? ›

Look around you and you will find a range of railing materials available. From glass, wood, and steel, to concrete, PVC, and aluminum. Some of these materials have better suitability, and for most applications, aluminum and vinyl are highly recommended. Brass, chrome and copper railings are available too.

What is a railing wall called? ›

Balustrades continue to be used today in a vast variety of shapes and materials, from simple wood posts to elaborate wrought-iron spindles, for both decorative and practical purposes.

What is a good height for a railing? ›

(6) The height of handrails shall be not more than 37 inches (94 cm) nor less than 30 inches (76 cm) from the upper surface of the handrail to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread.

Which color is best for railing? ›

Typically speaking, white railing tends to blend in better with coastal scenery, while black and dark bronze will fade into a forest or alpine setting.

Why should guardrails be 42 inches high? ›

Height: Top rail to walking-working surface should be around 42 inches – allows flexibility for +/-3 inches. Opening Limitations: OSHA requires a 21” midrail such that a 19” or larger spherical object cannot pass through the guardrail.

What is the difference between guardrail and railing? ›

While handrails are there to help slow or prevent a fall on a stair or ramp, guards are to help prevent a fall over an open side of a walking surface. Guards are required along the open sides of means of egress paths where there is a vertical drop of at least 30 in.

What are the different types of guard rails? ›

There are four general types of guardrail, ranging from weakest and inexpensive to strongest and expensive; cable and wood posts, steel and wood/metal posts, steel box-beam, and concrete barriers.

How do you measure a railing? ›

Measuring Handrail Length

The length of the handrail's sloped section is measured on a line running along the nosings of all steps. This line starts at the nosing of the top landing and runs to the floor at the lower end.

How do I change a handrail extension in Revit? ›

Select the continuous railing of a railing element. Set the extension type in the type properties. Adjust the extension length.

How do you change the slope of a railing in Revit? ›

Modify Railing Height and Slope
  1. Open the plan view where the railing is located.
  2. Select the railing, and click Modify | Railings tab Mode panel Edit Path.
  3. Select a railing sketch line. ...
  4. For Height Correction, select Custom.
  5. Enter a value in the adjacent text box.
  6. For Slope, select one of the following values:
20 Jul 2022

How do I host a railing to a stringer in Revit? ›

Place a Railing on a Host
  1. Click Architecture tab Circulation panel Railing drop-down (Place on Host).
  2. For placement on stairs only: On the Position panel, click Treads or Stringer.
  3. In the Type Selector, select the type of railing to place.
  4. Select the host component in the drawing area.
20 Jul 2022

Why is baluster spacing 4 inches? ›

U.S. building codes mandate that balusters have no more than a 4-inch gap between them. This relatively tight amount of spacing still allows for visibility between spindles, but also stands as a safety measure to prevent small children from becoming stuck between spindles or from slipping through the balusters.

What is proper baluster spacing? ›

General Baluster Spacing – The general rule of thumb is to have 3 baluster per foot so you do not have any gaps greater than four inches. If you put one baluster every 4 inches on center, then you will typically always be fine. See diagram below. Now a few things to consider when trying to space your baluster.

What is the difference between balusters and spindles? ›

A baluster and spindle is actually almost the same thing, but the word spindle is more commonly used because it is easier to remember and say. Balusters usually rest on a footing; this could be a step, floor or deck, whereas, spindles are supported by a horizontal rail at the bottom that is attached to the posts.

How do you extend a stair railing in Revit? ›

Modify Stair Railings
  1. Select a railing. ...
  2. Modify instance properties of the railing as needed on the Properties palette, or click Edit Type to access its type properties.
  3. To modify the sketch line of the railing, click Modify | Railings tab Mode panel Edit Path. ...
  4. Edit the selected line as desired.
20 Jul 2022

How do you change staircase properties in Revit? ›

In the Type Properties dialog for the stair, click the value for one of the following properties, then click the browse button that displays on the right side of the field. The Type Properties dialog for the component displays. You can modify the existing type or duplicate the type to create a new one.

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